## LeetCode 240. Search a 2D Matrix II

Write an efficient algorithm that searches for a value in an m x n matrix. This matrix has the following properties:

Integers in each row are sorted in ascending from left to right.
Integers in each column are sorted in ascending from top to bottom.
For example,

Consider the following matrix:

[
[1, 4, 7, 11, 15],
[2, 5, 8, 12, 19],
[3, 6, 9, 16, 22],
[10, 13, 14, 17, 24],
[18, 21, 23, 26, 30]
]
Given target = 5, return true.

Given target = 20, return false.

## LeetCode 74. Search a 2D Matrix

Write an efficient algorithm that searches for a value in an m x n matrix. This matrix has the following properties:

Integers in each row are sorted from left to right.
The first integer of each row is greater than the last integer of the previous row.
For example,

Consider the following matrix:

[
[1, 3, 5, 7],
[10, 11, 16, 20],
[23, 30, 34, 50]
]
Given target = 3, return true.

## LeetCode 655. Print Binary Tree

Print a binary tree in an m*n 2D string array following these rules:

The row number m should be equal to the height of the given binary tree.
The column number n should always be an odd number.
The root node’s value (in string format) should be put in the exactly middle of the first row it can be put. The column and the row where the root node belongs will separate the rest space into two parts (left-bottom part and right-bottom part). You should print the left subtree in the left-bottom part and print the right subtree in the right-bottom part. The left-bottom part and the right-bottom part should have the same size. Even if one subtree is none while the other is not, you don’t need to print anything for the none subtree but still need to leave the space as large as that for the other subtree. However, if two subtrees are none, then you don’t need to leave space for both of them.
Each unused space should contain an empty string “”.
Print the subtrees following the same rules.
Example 1:
Input:
1
/
2
Output:
[[“”, “1”, “”],
[“2”, “”, “”]]
Example 2:
Input:
1
/ \
2 3
\
4
Output:
[[“”, “”, “”, “1”, “”, “”, “”],
[“”, “2”, “”, “”, “”, “3”, “”],
[“”, “”, “4”, “”, “”, “”, “”]]
Example 3:
Input:
1
/ \
2 5
/
3
/
4
Output:

[[“”, “”, “”, “”, “”, “”, “”, “1”, “”, “”, “”, “”, “”, “”, “”]
[“”, “”, “”, “2”, “”, “”, “”, “”, “”, “”, “”, “5”, “”, “”, “”]
[“”, “3”, “”, “”, “”, “”, “”, “”, “”, “”, “”, “”, “”, “”, “”]
[“4”, “”, “”, “”, “”, “”, “”, “”, “”, “”, “”, “”, “”, “”, “”]]
Note: The height of binary tree is in the range of [1, 10].

## LeetCode 537. Complex Number Multiplication

Given two strings representing two complex numbers.

You need to return a string representing their multiplication. Note i2 = -1 according to the definition.

Example 1:
Input: “1+1i”, “1+1i”
Output: “0+2i”
Explanation: (1 + i) * (1 + i) = 1 + i2 + 2 * i = 2i, and you need convert it to the form of 0+2i.
Example 2:
Input: “1+-1i”, “1+-1i”
Output: “0+-2i”
Explanation: (1 – i) * (1 – i) = 1 + i2 – 2 * i = -2i, and you need convert it to the form of 0+-2i.
Note:

The input strings will not have extra blank.
The input strings will be given in the form of a+bi, where the integer a and b will both belong to the range of [-100, 100]. And the output should be also in this form.