1023. Have Fun with Numbers (20)-PAT甲级真题(大整数运算)

Notice that the number 123456789 is a 9-digit number consisting exactly the numbers from 1 to 9, with no duplication. Double it we will obtain 246913578, which happens to be another 9-digit number consisting exactly the numbers from 1 to 9, only in a different permutation. Check to see the result if we double it again!

Now you are suppose to check if there are more numbers with this property. That is, double a given number with k digits, you are to tell if the resulting number consists of only a permutation of the digits in the original number.

Input Specification:

Each input file contains one test case. Each case contains one positive integer with no more than 20 digits.

Output Specification:

For each test case, first print in a line “Yes” if doubling the input number gives a number that consists of only a permutation of the digits in the original number, or “No” if not. Then in the next line, print the doubled number.

Sample Input:
1234567899
Sample Output:
Yes
2469135798

题目大意:给出一个长度不超过20的整数,问这个整数两倍后的数位是否为原数位的一个排列。不管是yes还是no最后都要输出整数乘以2的结果
分析:使用char数组存储这个数,没个数的数位乘以2 + 进位,同时设立book来标记数位出现的情况。只有最后book的每个元素都是0的时候才说明这两个数字是相等的一个排列结果~~