LeetCode 744. Find Smallest Letter Greater Than Target

Given a list of sorted characters letters containing only lowercase letters, and given a target letter target, find the smallest element in the list that is larger than the given target.

Letters also wrap around. For example, if the target is target = ‘z’ and letters = [‘a’, ‘b’], the answer is ‘a’.

Examples:
Input:
letters = [“c”, “f”, “j”]
target = “a”
Output: “c”

Input:
letters = [“c”, “f”, “j”]
target = “c”
Output: “f”

Input:
letters = [“c”, “f”, “j”]
target = “d”
Output: “f”

Input:
letters = [“c”, “f”, “j”]
target = “g”
Output: “j”

Input:
letters = [“c”, “f”, “j”]
target = “j”
Output: “c”

Input:
letters = [“c”, “f”, “j”]
target = “k”
Output: “c”
Note:
letters has a length in range [2, 10000].
letters consists of lowercase letters, and contains at least 2 unique letters.
target is a lowercase letter.

分析:用upper_bound返回第一个大于target的元素所在位置,如果这个位置等于letters.end()说明不存在,则返回letters的第一个值,否则返回it所在位置的元素值即可~