PAT 1155 Heap Paths (30 分)- 甲级

In computer science, a heap is a specialized tree-based data structure that satisfies the heap property: if P is a parent node of C, then the key (the value) of P is either greater than or equal to (in a max heap) or less than or equal to (in a min heap) the key of C. A common implementation of a heap is the binary heap, in which the tree is a complete binary tree. (Quoted from Wikipedia at https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Heap_(data_structure))

One thing for sure is that all the keys along any path from the root to a leaf in a max/min heap must be in non-increasing/non-decreasing order.

Your job is to check every path in a given complete binary tree, in order to tell if it is a heap or not.

Input Specification:
Each input file contains one test case. For each case, the first line gives a positive integer N (1<N≤1,000), the number of keys in the tree. Then the next line contains N distinct integer keys (all in the range of int), which gives the level order traversal sequence of a complete binary tree.

Output Specification:
For each given tree, first print all the paths from the root to the leaves. Each path occupies a line, with all the numbers separated by a space, and no extra space at the beginning or the end of the line. The paths must be printed in the following order: for each node in the tree, all the paths in its right subtree must be printed before those in its left subtree.

Finally print in a line Max Heap if it is a max heap, or Min Heap for a min heap, or Not Heap if it is not a heap at all.

Sample Input 1:
8
98 72 86 60 65 12 23 50
Sample Output 1:
98 86 23
98 86 12
98 72 65
98 72 60 50
Max Heap
Sample Input 2:
8
8 38 25 58 52 82 70 60
Sample Output 2:
8 25 70
8 25 82
8 38 52
8 38 58 60
Min Heap
Sample Input 3:
8
10 28 15 12 34 9 8 56
Sample Output 3:
10 15 8
10 15 9
10 28 34
10 28 12 56
Not Heap

题目大意:给出一颗完全二叉树,打印出从根节点到所有叶节点的路径,打印顺序先右后左,即先序遍历的镜像。然后判断该树是大顶堆、小顶堆或者不是堆~

分析:1.深搜打印出所有路径(从右往左,即先序的镜像),vector保存一路上的节点,通过push和pop回溯,维护路径,index <= n是对只有左叶节点没有右叶节点的点特判
2.判断是否为堆:从第二个节点开始遍历,如果比父节点小,就不是小顶堆,如果比父节点大,就不是大顶堆~

 

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