[swift] LeetCode 657. Judge Route Circle

Initially, there is a Robot at position (0, 0). Given a sequence of its moves, judge if this robot makes a circle, which means it moves back to the original place.

The move sequence is represented by a string. And each move is represent by a character. The valid robot moves are R (Right), L (Left), U (Up) and D (down). The output should be true or false representing whether the robot makes a circle.

Example 1:
Input: “UD”
Output: true
Example 2:
Input: “LL”
Output: false

[swift] LeetCode 617. Merge Two Binary Trees

Given two binary trees and imagine that when you put one of them to cover the other, some nodes of the two trees are overlapped while the others are not.

You need to merge them into a new binary tree. The merge rule is that if two nodes overlap, then sum node values up as the new value of the merged node. Otherwise, the NOT null node will be used as the node of new tree.

Example 1:

Note: The merging process must start from the root nodes of both trees.

[swift] LeetCode 581. Shortest Unsorted Continuous Subarray

Given an integer array, you need to find one continuous subarray that if you only sort this subarray in ascending order, then the whole array will be sorted in ascending order, too.

You need to find the shortest such subarray and output its length.

Example 1:
Input: [2, 6, 4, 8, 10, 9, 15]
Output: 5
Explanation: You need to sort [6, 4, 8, 10, 9] in ascending order to make the whole array sorted in ascending order.
Note:
Then length of the input array is in range [1, 10,000].
The input array may contain duplicates, so ascending order here means <=.

[swift] LeetCode 572. Subtree of Another Tree

Given two non-empty binary trees s and t, check whether tree t has exactly the same structure and node values with a subtree of s. A subtree of s is a tree consists of a node in s and all of this node’s descendants. The tree s could also be considered as a subtree of itself.

Example 1:
Given tree s:

3
/ \
4 5
/ \
1 2
Given tree t:
4
/ \
1 2
Return true, because t has the same structure and node values with a subtree of s.
Example 2:
Given tree s:

3
/ \
4 5
/ \
1 2
/
0
Given tree t:
4
/ \
1 2
Return false.